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ANALYSIS OF THE CHILD-PARENT INTERACTION IN DIFFERENT CULTURES ACCORDING TO TEACHERS VIEWPOINT

Abstract

Author(s): Arzu ÖZYÜREK, Asya ÇET?N, Rukiye YILDIRIM, Neslihan EV?RGEN, ?eyda ERGÜN

Cultural characteristics affect the family structure which is the smallest unit of the society. Attitudes of family members towards their children also influence the cultural characteristics. Today, transnational migration is frequently seen due to various reasons such as increase in globalization, improvement in technology and transportation, occupational opportunities, and marriages with foreigners. Recently, particularly war victim families in Syria have started to migrate to Turkey. Families should cope with various problems (primarily communication) and they have entered into a difficult orientation process. In this study, we aim to evaluate the mother-father-child interactions by teacher’s perspective. These families are from different cultures and they are residing in Turkey. In this qualitative study, interview method was used. The study group was composed of 10 preschool, 14 primary school and 14 secondary school teachers of children who came from different countries (n=38 teachers). Data analysis was performed by using the content analysis of the interview recordings. Conclusively, it was observed that mothers and fathers tried to do the best for their children independent of cultural differences. Family members and children are broadly compatible with the Turkish culture and the most important problem is the language difference. According to the teachers’ perspective, Turkish parents exhibit more protective attitudes towards their children whereas parents from different cultures exhibit more prescriptive and authoritarian attitude.

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