Author(s): Muhammet BAHADIR, Kenan EMET
Very different climate types are accommodated in Turkey because of the geographical situation and geomorphologic characteristics which change at short intervals. That is also why numerous types of flora and fauna are hosted. The subject of this study is devoted to the rich vertebrate endemic fauna varieties of Anatolia. The purpose of this study was to map the data from the Geographic Information Systems surface query analysis which has been acquired as a result of detailed literature searches regarding the spreading areas of endemic fauna elements in Anatolia and Thrace regions. The research carried out for this purpose revealed a total of 78 vertebrate endemic species. This number is distributed into 49 species of sweet water fish, 8 species of amphibians, 12 species of reptiles, one bird and 8 species of mammals which have been mapped according to the spreading areas of species and subspecies. In addition to the mapping of the spreading areas of these species, an assessment of their predominant physical characteristics as well as an evaluation of their environmental situation, local spreading areas and endemic risk categories were carried out. While most of the vertebrate fauna species in Turkey, even the endemic species have been determined, the work is still ongoing and the updating of the maps shall be ensured by the addition of any newly found species. Thus, this study shall contribute to the determination of placing endemic species under protection, monitoring and the examination of risk tendencies.