AN ASSESMENT OF THE ILLUMINATION STYLE REFERRING TO MAMLUK PERIOD ILLUMINATOR ABU BAKR

Abstract

Author(s): Gül GÜNEY

We have seen the most beatiful samples developing the art of illimunation at the manuscripts in different geography and culture. Especially the illumanition seen in the Qur’an Manuscripts have rare samples which refer the development under the different styles for hunreds of years. In the Memluk Dynasty, which ruled in Egypt and East Mediterrenean, the Koran was given great importance as in the whole Islamic world, and many Koran manuscripts were written in large scales and were specific interms of illuminations. In this period, religious architecture burst out and it was a custom among the sultans to give away a Koran to a newly built construction. The manuscripts of Koran, copied for the dynasties, had specific features not only for their scales and calligraphy but also for their illuminations. The Seven-volume Koran prepared for the Memluk sultan, Rukn al-Din Baybars at the beginning of the 14th century (1304-1306) is the most attractive one among other manuscripts. Moreover, this work is the first sample in which we can see the ornament style of Ebu Bekir, the illuminator, who was examined as an article theme. This style was used by the illuminator's students in the ornaments in Memluk dynasty to copy the Koran. In the article there will be an assessment of the illuminator's ornament style, and also samples of written works reflecting the style in domestic libraries.

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