Author(s): Kadirhan ÖZDEMİR and Bülent SAYAK

The concept of archetype, theorized by Carl Gustav Jung and described by names such as 'first example', 'root example', 'first model', expresses the core structures of collective consciousness. Archetypes are the elements at the root of mythic narrative. Myths are imaginative products created by wild societies to explain the universe, the world, the living-inanimate existance and disasters. Through these, human beings have attributed meaning to the world, nature more specifically to himself and the creator, alsao they have created a connection between the events that occur in nature and himself. Although the mythological narratives of cosmogony, teogony, anthropogony and eschatology are generally regarded as lie/fictional stories by contemporary people, these are the facts of the first man. These narratives arising from the spirits of magic and rituals are accepted as sacred by consciousness building itself. Myths, as a belief in human life, has a place apart from himself through literature. Today, it uses mythological elements in many poet and writer works with new thinking practices such as intertextuality, structuralism and postmodernism. Yasar Kemal, one of the prominent figures of Turkish Literature, applies many mythological archetype in his work titled the Legend of Binbogalar. In this study; the mythological elements in the mentioned work will be identified and the identified elements will be handled by archetypal criticism under the guidance of Jung's concept of 'common unconscious'.


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