AN APPLIED RESEARCH ON THE PHENOMENON OF OLD-AGE

Abstract

Author(s): Muammer AK

The problem of aging has become unavoidable by the matured demographic structures of the countries. With the combined effect of improvements in the health conditions, increase in the life-expectancy and decline in the fertility rate, all countries that have been through this process are challenged by the aging problem. The age struccture of the population of Turkey along with the global population and the demographic dynamics have been changing. The population of Turkey will no longer be young and dynamic on the next decade and that will be an aged society in a near future This study is a descriptive analysis in order to determine the socio-economic and socio-cultural status of elderly people that live in the city center of Gumushane province. The aim of this research is to make contributions to the field of gerontosociology.This research is based on the method of simple random sampling and face to face interviews with 200 people who are 65 and over 65 in the city center of Gumushane province. The fieldwork of this study was fulfilled between the period of November and December 2015. According to the data obtained in the study, 42% of the participant elders are female and 58% are male, 42,5% are 60-74 years old, 36% are 75-84 years old and 21,5% are over 85 years old. Regarding educational background, 52% are elementary school graduates, 41,5% are secondary school graduates, 2,5% are faculty graduates and 3,5% are illiterate.

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