AN ANTI-REVOLUTIONARY IDEOLOGUE: EDMUND BURKE

Abstract

Author(s): M. Zeki DUMAN

Conservatism, one of the three major ideologies that emerged in Western Europe in the nineteenth century, envisaged a world different from liberalism and socialism. The conservatism, which opposes the French Revolution's attempt to rebuild the world, is known for its conservative identity in terms of people, society and the universe, as well as for change and progress. The conservatism, which emphasizes the historical and institutional experience of humanity against the civilization of modernity and stands out with its criticism of the secular ideologies set out in order to establish a new order, has adopted a conservative attitude towards the world, the nature of man and the goods. The conservative world view opposes rationalism, the radicalism of enlightenment, and progressive history. . On the one hand, conservative thinkers have favored the continuation of the existing social, political and cultural world, and demanded the preservation of the ancient institutions and the social and religious values which are the products of tradition and historical experience. In this sense, what makes the conservatism an opposing ideology can be said to be the revolutionary movements trying to destroy the basic dynamics of the society, which is thought to be an organic and living structure. Indeed, conservatives began to raise their voice with the revolutionary movements attempting to disrupt the social order and stability. Edmund Burke, in this sense, is both a prominent thinker and a name that makes conservatism a paradigm. In this paper, it will be tried to answer the question of why this thinker should be conservative and why the logic of revolution should be opposed by his own work called need Reflections on French Revolution.

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