Author(s): Ergin GCEM

The conception of God has been very different throughout human history. The conception, which corresponds to a mystical thought rather than a personal being in ancient South Asian and Far East beliefs, manifested as a mythological entity in ancient Iranian and Egyptian civilizations. In Ancient Greece, which was the geography where philosophical thought had been systematized, this vision developed rather than natural elements and evolved to be in accordance with a paganist attitude. Together with the epistemology embodied in the axis of revelation, God had been described as a pre-eternal and eternal being, perfect in all respects, possessing absolute power-might. With the average of these qualities in Judaism, Christianity and Islam, the minimum client, God began to differentiate, especially with the conception of Christianity. The desire to share from the holiness of God to man and the temple and the desire to share the authority that it caused led to the development of opposition to religion and God in particular. The strict status quo attitude established on religious freedom and scientific studies in Medieval Europe through clerics and religious institutions led to the desire to question and limit God's might. Especially in the 17th century and after, the Deist deity of God emerged as a result of this attitude. In this study, the emergence, reasons, and legitimacy of deism will be emphasized based on some adjectives in theistic belief in theist god.


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