Author(s): Tu?ba KIRMAN, Hasan ATAK
Problems experienced in childhood have an important place in development. It is thought that childhood traumas may increase alienation and decrease the level of agency during the transition to adulthood. Addressing the relationship of these three variables together can contribute to the field, or help to better understand the nature of transition to adulthood. In this context, the main purpose of this study is to examine the effects of childhood mental traumas and agency on alienation. In this framework, a model has been defined and the following hypotheses have been tested. a. The negative impact of childhood mental trauma on agency is significant. b. The negative effect of agency on alienation is significant. c. The positive effect of childhood mental trauma on alienation is significant. This study is a descriptive research that uses the cross-sectional pattern. A total of 566 (between ages 18-25) individuals constitute the research group (269 men (47.5%) and 297 women (52.5%). Personal Information Form, Dean's Alienation Scale, MultiMeasure Agentic Personality Scale and Childhood Mental Traumas Scale were used to collect data. According to the results of the SEM analysis, childhood mental traumas significantly predicts alienation at a moderate level (β = .39, p <.01) and agency significantly has a negative small effect on alienation (β = -.10, p <.05). In the study, the positive impact of childhood mental traumas on the agency was linked to the development of the participants after the traumas they experienced that is it can be seen that the participants who provided growth / development after trauma may be more agency. The negative impact of agency on alienation is explained through Snyder's Theory of Hope. Hope is associated with the agency self-esteem, self-efficacy, life goals and locus of internal control, which are sub-dimensions of agency. It is concluded that theoretically, hopeful individuals are more agency and alienated individuals are less agency compared to the characteristics of hopeful individuals.