Author(s): Yuksel KASTAN

Although the political and economic relations between the Ottoman Empire and Britain were based on a long history, the Ottoman British relations began to weaken after the Ottoman-Russian War of 1877-1878 and the British did not support the Ottoman Empire in the Balkan Wars. The economic relations with Germany, which has completed the political union of the Ottoman Empire in 1871, have started to be better. The first blockade in Europe started in 1894 as the Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy) and Entente (France, England, Russia) before World War I. Albanians were not interested because of the Muslim identity of the nationalization movement which started after the 1789 French Revolution. Although the Serbs, the Greeks, the Montenegrins, and the Bulgarians first took part in revolts against the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans, the Albanians continued to remain committed to the Ottoman Empire and to continue their activities in this process. During the Balkan wars that erupted in 1912, Albanians continued to remain within the Ottoman State. Islam has always been one of the most important factors in this loyalty. Although the Ottoman State declared it to be neutral at the beginning of World War I, it soon joined the war for the Allied Powers. At the end of the first year of World War I, Italy left the Alliance and continued the war alongside the Entente States. Later in the war Italy met Austria-Hungary and Albania. The Albanian side played a crucial role in the ending of World War I by Austria and Hungary. In this study, according to the reports of the German army, the struggles of the Albanian Front in World War I and the effects of these frontal struggles on World War I were searched. 


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