ABU BAKR?S POLITICAL POWER FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF POLITICAL LEGITIMACY

Abstract

Author(s): ?lyas AKYZO?LU

Excellancy Abu Bakr was one of the first Muslims; roadmate of Prophet Mohammad during emigration, his deputy for praying (salah) to Muslims and he was the first person who he has been consultation between followers (ashab). It has been a natural result that no one object to him at the meeting which elected as a caliph due to his features. Indeed neither to be Qurayshian (tribe of Prophet Mohammad) nor to be old age just has been the source of legitimacy of his caliphate. In fact, according to narrations, when Abu Sufyan heard the selection of Abu Bakr as caliph, said “one of the weakest of the Quraish is chosen” and than criticized this situation. Indeed, Banu Taym who was the tribe of Abu Bakr, was not in a position to lead the tribes such as Banu Umayyad and Banu Makhzum in the pre-Islamic period and lead the tribe of Quraysh. Abu Bakr, who was appointed to him as the person who would take over the administration of the state, he was elected in a way that did not consist to any of the known methods until that time. But ensured that there is no legitimacy problem for him, because of the qualifications he has and his solutions to the problems facing the state and his success in crisis management.

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