Author(s): Yasar OZUCETIN*
For the country and independence of the Turkish nation, it is almost one with Mustafa Kemal Pasha, the creation of resistance by “Kuvay-i Milliye (Turkish Revolutionaries) and the establishment of a national government created an obstacle in front of the Entente states to make a peace treaty with the Ottoman state. Those who are seen as” sick men " have defeated an enemy ten times superior to them, and the
Entente states that have experienced this defeat have reached the point that only within two years can the Turks be treated as secondary. Entente states had determined the peace treaties terms which signed with the Ottoman State in 18-26 April at San Remo, and they encouraged the Greek army to attacked the Ottomans in June 1920 for speed up the signature process.
While the national army was trying to neutralize the Circassian Ethem rebellion, the Greeks attacked on the morning of January 6, 1921, with a very superior force compared to the Turks, and they came to ?nönü on January 9, 1921. Colonel ?smet Bey retreated to Çukurhisar positions behind ?nönü positions and formed a new line of defense, on January 10th, the Greek forces, who had to retreat towards Bursa, faced an unexpected resistance, demoralized, their strength collapsed, their will collapsed and returned. This situation created a joy of victory for the Turks.
While fights going on, interior rebellions overcame and national case was steady, with the success of First Inönü Battle, the desire and thought to get a sequel emerged, the importance of the National Army was understood, the reputation and authority of the Turkish Grand National Assembly Government (TBMM) was strengthened, and it was the beginning of the withdrawal of support from the various Entente states to the Greeks.