A STUDY ON VOLTAIRE?S NOVEL NAMED ?CANDIDE OR OPTIMISME? AS A COMIC BOOK

Abstract

Author(s): Ali YA?LI

Voltaire is one of the leading French writers and philosophers of the 18th century enlightenment period. In his work Kandid (Candide), in which he questioned optimism, feudalism, and wars by emphasing individual rights and reason, he exhibited a beautiful combination of satire and tragedy. Voltaitre chose “Kandid” as the title for his work, as it well represented optimism and purity. The story of Kandid begins upon his blunder that makes him get sacked from the imaginary imaginary chateau where he grew with pure and clear sentiments away from evil alongside an imaginary baron. He participates in wars alongside the Bulgarian soldiers throughout his adventure. He travels many European countries and then America. He returns rich from the imaginary Eldorado country. He spends his fortune to find his lover Künegond and finds her in Istanbul where he made his last journey. While the author criticizes the ideas of the German philosopher Leibniz through Pangloss in the story, he satirizes the rulers and important figures of the era through imaginary characters. According to Voltaire, the meaning of life and ideas about it lead people to empty debate and unhappiness. It is necessary to work hard rather than create a vicious cycle around them to be happy with the pleasure of self-effort. In this study, we have tried to determine the similar and dissimilar aspects between the illustration and the story by comparing Kandid with the comic book version.

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