A REVIEW ON THE BELIEFS IN MOUNTAINS AMONG RELIGIONS AND HISTORY OF TURKISH TRADITIONAL RELIGIONf

Abstract

Author(s): Mustafa BA?

Mountains are sacred object within world religions regarding to various reasons. They were accepted as divine locations; place of revelation and vision, or as cosmic axis of the world. Mountains - like in any other religions - had also gotten the attention of Turkish tribes with their greatness, and took their place in beliefs as a cult. Considering the value dedicated to mountains, rituals were held on high peaks and important people were also buried there. Mountains were always directly or indirectly mentioned in Turkish mythologies as the most important motives of Turkish myths. Conspicuous mountains with their mysterious position and celestial heights had also been identified with homeland cult. Turks saved their beliefs regarding to mountains after their conversion to Islam and kept these beliefs until today.

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