A REVIEW OF ?UNE R丌ORME PRATICABLE EN TURQUIE? (1853) (AN APPLICABLE REFORM IN TURKEY) IN TERMS OF OTTOMANISM AND THE REFORM EDICT OF 1856

Abstract

Author(s): Taner ASLAN

The anonymous work "Une Réforme Praticable En Turquie" was published in Athens in 1853 and had 39 pages. Published at the beginning of the Crimean War, the work addressed the legal status of non-Muslims in the Ottoman Empire. The author criticized the policy of Ottomanism and suggested to separate fundamentally different Muslim and Christian communities rather than integrating them to ensure living in harmony. He criticized the Ottoman policy since it did not allow Christians to be assigned to administrative, military, and judicial positions. Christians were also not allowed to build new places of worship for their religious obligations and even not repair the old places of worship. Their testimony was ignored in cases involving the Muslims. It can be inferred that those demands and wishes lead to the Reform Edict. Indeed, the work was written three years before the Reform Edict of 1856. Thus, the issues in work might be taken into consideration by European states and reflected in the Reform Edict, which makes it notable. Written in a report form, the work can be considered as the source of the items in the Reform Edict of 1856. Thus, it can be argued that the work informed the European ambassadors on this issue.

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