A RESEARCH TO IDENTIFY RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MARITIME AREAS AND TRANSPORTATION CORRIDORS: AN APPLICATION OF TURKEY

Abstract

Author(s): G├Âk├že ├çi├žek CEYHUN

Nowadays, the economic value of maritime areas has become very important and land areas have already been shared by the nations while maritime areas are still in the period of to be shared. Therefore, maritime areas constitute new conflicts for territories. Especially attention of coastal states has been shifted to maritime areas by the virtue of having submarine resources such as petroleum, minerals, marine organisms and having strategically significant issues such as transportation, trade, security and communication. All of these factors bring sharing efforts of maritime areas by coastal states to light.

By taking into consideration of maritime areas’ significance, this study has worked up a connection between transportation corridors - which constitute field of maritime trade- and maritime areas -that constitute field of maritime law-. Up until today maritime areas have been analyzed in terms of politic, strategic and security sides in most of the studies however this study surveyed maritime areas in terms of transportation corridors. Within this framework the relation which has been supported by the expert participants of this study have established in terms of “maritime trade”, “economic sea resources and scientific researches”, “exclusive economic zone” and “security”.

The relationship between maritime areas and transportation corridors have been assessed with the opinion of the expert participants by in dept face to face interviews as required by Delphi method in this research. Thus, in the light of the findings by analyzing the opinions, the effects of maritime areas on transportation corridors have been determined.

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