A MERCHANT FAMILY IN THE MAMLUK PERIOD: KHARRUBI

Abstract

Author(s): M. Fatih YALIN

Mamluks ruled Egypt and Syria throughout approximately 250 years. It has been known that there were many famous families belonging to the men of the pen and Merchant and lived more than 100 years in that period of time. Although some studies conducted about those families belonging to the men of the pen, we do not have a substantial amount of knowledge about the families coming to the fore with their economic activity. One of the families coming to the fore with their economic activity during the Mamluks period is Kharrubi family. This family, which enjoyed a good reputation especially in sugar production and trade, and rose a substantial wealth, continued to be able to exist from the XIIIth to XVth century. Among the family members, there are individuals dealing with sciences and providing support for the scientific activities. Indeed, the Kharrubiyya Madrasa built by Badraddin Muhammad Kharrubi (d. 762/1361) in Cairo is famous. Besides, the name of Zakiyyudd?n Kharrubi (d. 787/1385) should be noted in this regard. He took Ibn Hacer al-Askalân? (d. 852/1449), which is one of the famous scholars of Mamluk period, under his protection and played a significant role in Ibn Hacer’s training. However, the economic policies carried out by Mamluk sultans cut a wide swath in this family’s economic activity. And as a result, the family lost its importance and influence by the second half of XVth century. This study will attempt to examine the economic and cultural activities of the Kharrubi, a local merchant family in the Mamluk period.

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