A HISTORICAL RESEARCH ON HIGHER EDUCATION FOR WOMEN AND ITS REFLECTIONS ON THE PRESS

Abstract

Author(s): S. Tunay KAMER

The importance of general education was realized with the Tanzimat Edict, and with II. Constitutional Monarchy, women's education. In this context, the opening of the female-schools above the primary school level came to the agenda. It has been decided to give free classes in Darü’l-fünûn for women to benefit from higher education. These courses systematically boosted women’s desire and their need for higher education. In the following process, the existence of two separate institutions for boys and girls began to be discussed and with this situation, girls and boys separately started to take classes in the same building but at the different times. There are discussions about this issue in following periods. This process was later transformed into the implementation of coeducation in higher education, and the closure of Darü’l-fünûn for girls was experienced. The aim of this article is to determine and interpret the debates reflected in the periodicals such as Servet-i Fünun, Büyük Mecmua, Sebilürre?ad, ?fham, Muallim, Türk Kad?n?, Kad?n Dünyas?, among the leading newspapers and magazines of this period. According to the results of the study, among the participants of these debates were statesmen, educators and literati. While debates in this period were reflected in the newspapers and magazines, the Minister of Education of this period had to make a statement. The discussions generally advocate high level of education for women, but it has been found that there are some concerns about the combination of girls and boys in educational settings.

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