Author(s): M. Zeki DUMAN

Democratic governments in modern contemporary societies are generally based on a constitutional order and universal law based on human rights. These form of governments founded a constitutional order based on legal equality and justice, consent of people, equal opportunity, individual liberty and merit and aims to ensure social order and stability, to prevent government to move an authoritarian direction and to block the dictatorship of the majority, but more importantly to protect the rights and interests of minorities. The democratic traditions that constitute the political orders of the societies have a social and cultural structure based on democratic values and historical backgrounds. It is possible to talk about four main characteristics of the democratic societies we observe in the West: the rule of law, opposition parties, independent media and civil society organization. At the same time, these features, which form the prerequisite for democracies, stand out as a distinctive feature of contemporary societies today. In these societies, individuals contribute to the formation of a pluralistic and democratic culture by participating in every decision (s) that pertains to them in daily life. This article focuses on the process of institutionalization of the democratic culture in society, and how this process reproduces democracy in the course of time.


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