Author(s): Nazım BERATLI

Modernization as a conceptual matter, means different aims depending on the time, country, development level of the society and the history which has been living. Only in Turkey and Russia modern concepts have not been demanded from the lower classes of the community but, prospected by the authority. Because of the religion, it was easier to convinced the lower classes in Russia, but not in the Turkey. In Turkey it is continuing not with the western meaning of the term but with its own meaning in a different culture, different interests, different needs, and different history of the country and society. If somebody tries to find any pure western feature in Turkish society, it is very easy to fall in a fault, because of the differences. In order to understand the contemporary Turkey, it is a necessity to learn the mile stones of the history about Turkish improvement.


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