A CRITISM ABOUT AHMED YESEV╬?S EFFECT ON THE CLASSICAL TURKISH LITERATURE

Abstract

Author(s): Tuba ONAT ÇAKIRO?LU

After the Turks embraced Islam, Islamic beliefs and culture spread across , initially cities, and then among the villages and nomands. In Turkistan where Ahmed Yesevî lived, there appears not only Islamisation but also sufistic motions. Yesevî ,who has influence on Turkish nomads living in Ta?kent, Siriderya and Seyhun , teaches the rules of Islam, sharia provisions, morals and ways of religious order through the poems called as “hikmet” . Sufi literature serves as a bridge between Classical Turkish Literature and minstrel literature. Although the Classical Turkish Literature has some discrepancies in terms of vocabulary, rhtyhm and form , the poets have a wording which can be understood by folks. This tradition started with Ahmed Yesevî, who was accepted as a founder of Turkish Sufi Literature, and has been continued by Yunus Emre, Â??k Pa?a, Gül?ehrî, Nesîmî and the others in Anatolia. Ahmed Yesevî was also influential on Classical Turkish Literature. The archetype of parallel poems (The first parallel poems or nazire) in Turkish Literature was composed upon Ahmed Yesevî’s works . Yunus Emre was the first poet who composed parallel poems to Ahmed Yesevî. It was determined that besides Yunus Emre, also Ahmedî and ?eyyad Hamza versed parallel poems to Ahmed Yesevî. It’s remarkable that the first period of Classical Turkish was closed by Ahmed Yesevî’s time and was similiar with the Ahmed Yesevî’s Hikmets in terms of religious and sufistic elements. In this context, Ahmed Yesevî had effect on not only minstrels but also classic poets.

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