A CRITIQUE OF THE DIALECTICS OF GLOBALIZATION

Abstract

Author(s): Chiedozie OKORO

This paper is an attempt to critique the dialectics of globalization. By the dialectics of globalization, we simply mean the philosophical temperament which propels the idea of globalization. Fundamentally, all existing world philosophies can be reduced to three basic foundations which are monism, dualism and pluralism. All of these philosophical foundations promote different philosophical temperaments which have the tendency to either fuel or ameliorate conflicts. To illustrate, as it relates to tolerance as a basis for a lasting peaceful world order, monism is tolerant of only one worldview, dualism is tolerant of only two worldviews, while pluralism is tolerant of many worldviews. By implication, monism is completely absolutist, dualism is mildly absolutist, while pluralism totally abhors absolutism. Consequently, a globalization process that follows a monistic or dualistic order, not only has the tendency to frustrate the global quests for a lasting world peace and a progressive world development, it also has the tendency of catapulting existence to that dangerous and dreaded point of nihilism. From the existentialist point of view, an essential quality of man is the ability to foresee danger and ceaselessly work towards averting such. Based on this, we advocate that a dialectical process which is pluralistic in orientation should be adopted to replace the monistic and monolithic dialectical order that has so far ravaged mankind with multiple conflicts and untold hardship

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