A CRITICISM OF THE ERA FROM AN OTTOMAN INTELLECTUAL: A MASNAWI TITLED ?THE DREAM? BY SHAYKH AL-ISLAM HAYDAR╬Z┬DE IBRAHIM

Abstract

Author(s): Mehmet ├ťNAL

The last two centuries of the Ottoman History are filled with countless crises, cyclical depressions and unrests. Ottoman intellectuals with conscience committed to paper their feelings, aspirations and expectations in different literary forms. A corpus like Safahat or a play like Vatan yahut Silistre or a single long poem like Ordunun Destan? have long been feeding our tastes and complete our senses of history. There are so many works of literature awaiting to be discovered and analyzed and therefore to enrich the sources required in social sciences. A case in point is the Masnawi titled the dream by Haydarî-zâde ?brahim Efendi. Haydarîzâde in this poem, which is not clarified whether it is a real or tentative dream, he criticizes human states and actions and lack of reaction; their preference to laziness not to hard work. He points out to the remedies to get rid of the catastrophes out of the Prophet Muhammed’s tongue. He gives the good news that Muslims will take over their good times once again. In this paper, the masnawi titled Rüya by Haydarizâde As?m Efendi, one of the last Shaykh al-?slams of the Sultan Vahdettin will be examined regarding its form and content. The poem will also be critically studied around the ideas and expectations in respect with the events described.

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