Author(s): Nancy Elena*
Water quality in drinking-water reservoirs is crucial for ensuring safe and healthy water supplies. However, these reservoirs are vulnerable to various factors that can negatively impact water quality. This article presents a comprehensive study focused on identifying and assessing the key impact factors affecting water quality in drinking-water reservoirs. The study employs a rigorous methodology involving data collection, laboratory analysis, and advanced monitoring techniques. Natural and anthropogenic factors such as sedimentation, nutrient loading, microbial contamination, chemical pollutants, temperature fluctuations, and land-use practices are examined in detail for their potential impacts on water quality. Assessment methodologies, including statistical analysis and modeling techniques, are utilized to quantify the significance of each factor and its contribution to water quality degradation. Case studies are presented to illustrate the practical application of the study's findings. Management and mitigation strategies, such as source protection, watershed management, and treatment technologies, are discussed to safeguard water quality. The research outcomes emphasize the need for a holistic approach to water quality management, integrating scientific research, advanced monitoring, and effective governance. The findings of this comprehensive study provide valuable insights and guidance for policymakers, water resource managers, and researchers, aiming to ensure the availability of clean and safe drinking water for communities.