Author(s): EÅref ERTÃRK
The information and communication technology (ICT) is a leading factor in the emergence and process of globalization. One can obviously claim that globalization could not have taken place without ICT. Since the industrial revolution, ICT has developed gradually. The many related technological advances in information and communication have led to globalization. The electric telegraph, satellites, telephone, television, computer and the internet have all played an important role in this process. In particular, the internet has gained importance over the last few decades in terms of globalization because it provides a low cost, reliable, and fast network and as a result, information is now available anywhere and in real time. ICT has also affected the social and cultural, environmental, and economic aspects of globalization in many countless ways. The world economy is connected thanks to ICT and a global economy has emerged. Thus, e-commerce and international trade has advanced, and financial markets have become more connected. Moreover, the environment is the most significant global issue related to our ability to sustain life. The applications and systems of ICT have helped to conduct studies which have aimed to keep the environment safe and protected. Furthermore, global popular culture and new types of societies have emerged as a result of the impact of ICT. Nowadays, we often hear the expressions, ‘network society’, and ‘information society’. As a result, social movements have become global and more effective. The Arab Spring and Occupy Wall Street movements are good examples of the actions of these societies.