A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE QALANDAR DERVISHES IN SIYAH QALEM?S PAINTINGS WITH OTHER PAINTERS? PICTURES AND WRITTEN TEXTS

Abstract

Author(s): Tolga ERKAN

In different periods and geographies, the Qalandar dervishes were mentioned and depicted by several authors and artists such as Siyah Qalem. This article focuses on the figures attributed to the Qalandar dervishes in Siyah Qalem’s paintings. Placing the Qalandar dervishes in Siyah Qalem paintings within the context of their appearances and features, this paper examines a diverse range of themes such as the Qalandars’ origin, historical background, philosophy, cultural heritage, everyday life, immigrations, settlements, status and influences in the societies, clothes, accessories, music instruments and hierarchical structure in the order. To understand the Qalandar dervishes of Siyah Qalem, this paper compares resemblances and differences of the Qalandar figures in Siyah Qalem’s paintings within respect to the written texts, poems and pictures of different authors, poets and painters about the Qalandar?ya order.

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