A CITY ELEGY EXAMPLE: ABU?L-BEQA SALEEH B. SHERIF AR-RUNDI?S ELEGY FOR ANDALUSIA

Abstract

Author(s): Abdulhadi T?MURTA?

Almost every nation elegized and wailed for the cities which were lost, or destroyed and captured by their enemies. In ancient Arabic literature elegizing for cities, which are manifestation of civilization, was rare. Elegies for cities emerged as a result of demolishment and disasters the conquered or newly established cities met with spread of Islam. The first examples of these elegies in the East are the ones which are regarding Baghdad and Basra. Elegizing for cities increased with the Crusades. However, elegies for cities developed and spread from Andalusia where is regarded as the West of Islamic Geography. In this study, we discussed Abu’l-Beqa Saleeh b. Sherif ar-Rundi’s Elegy for Andalusia or also known as Rundi’s Elegy which is one of the elegies recited for cities of Andalusia which were demolished or lost. After Abu’l Beqa’s brief biography is given, information about elegy for city in Arabic Literature is also given. Sources, quantity and originality of Ar-Rundi’s elegy is discussed and the translation of the full into Turkish is also given. Subsequently, we tried to determine the setup, style and the literary features of the elegy.

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