A BRONZE BULLHEAD-LAMP AND A CANDELABRUM FROM AM?SOS

Abstract

Author(s): Ak?n TEMR, O. Alper ??R?N

Although there have been many studies on terracotta lamps, it is evident that there wasn't much work done on metal lamps and the actions which were carried out are more so concentrated on the lamps during the Byzantine period. The most important reason for this is that the metal lamps must be able to be melted and used again and therefore, this is the reason why we are not able to reach them in the present day. Works that have been made up until today have mostly been of private museums and collectors' lamps, which are often unknown due to the acquisition. The fact that the location of the finds of lamps and candelabrum in bronze-made bull-head form, which is the subject of study at this point, shows the significance of the date of similar samples. In addition, while bronze lamps continue their typological characteristics of large-scale terracotta lamps, to have a unique form that is not very similar to the oil lamp in question, enhances the importance of this work much further. The fact that these works were found in the place known as the Ancient city of Amisos during the Roman period demonstrates as the most crucial evidence that it continued to exist during this period as well. In the contemporary age, it is evident that the remains of the ancient city of Amisos did not reach much for the architectural sense. Such small finds are even more meaningful as we do not understand the socio-economic structure of art during that time. The museum rescue excavations, including the works that are the subject of the study, do not allow the evaluation of the materials as a whole. In this context, the plan of the excavations to be made in the region in the following years, besides the typological evaluation of the finds recovered, will provide an opportunity for metallurgical analysis and to understand the presence and interactions of the workshops in the region.

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