Author(s): Sümeyye YILDIZ YILDIRIM

For several years, all the cities inside of the Syrian board which had to face many wars, were for centuries the center of many civilisations: e.g Anatolian-Mesopotamia; and beeing the crosspoint between Mediterranean-Iran are the other reasons in those years for Syrian's development in trade and culturally rich settlement. Although beeing exposed to different spoils for long times, Syria nevertheless loses its importance. But with the beginning of the civil war in march 2011, historical riches almost are very closed to disappear. In this article it is tried to show how today the settlements in Syria were reflected in the 16th century Classical Turkish Poetry. With this goal, Divans of 108 poets living in those years, are scanned; couplets about Syria are researched. Cities and their features are given alphabatically. There are also short informations and comments about cities, written in Divans. ?t's graphically drawned how often several cities are named in poems. The Divans and their numbers are noticed in brackets. This work shows also the cities' situations in the time of the Ottoman Empire, so today's differences can be compared. A few of those cities are visited and therefore it could be said that some of the socio - culturel, political and historical specified features remarked in Divans, are really based on a real floor, and some of them are just dreamed metaphoricly by the poets.


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