OPPOSITION IN SINGLE ISSUE HUMOR NEWSPAPERS PUBLISHED IN SECOND CONSTITUTIONALIST PERIOD:EL ÜFÜRÜK, EL ÜFÜRÜK?E ZEYLEN KÖRÜK, TON TON RISALESI, ĒINGIRAK, MAHKŪM

Abstract

Author(s): Ebru DAVULCU Mustafa TEMEL

Proclamation of Second ConstitutionalistPeriodcaused a freedomairblow in thepressfieldalthough it lastedfor a short time. Newspaperandmagazinesenteredintopress life in succession, censorwasremoved. Thehumornewspapers had itsshare of thisair. Manyhumornewspaperswerepublished; critics of social, political, economical, culturalproblemsandnotably Second Abdülhamit Periodwasfocused in thesepublications. El Üfürük, El Üfürük’eZeylen Körük, Ton Ton Risalesi, Ç?ng?rak, Mahkûm newspaperswereamongthesingleissuehumornewspaperspublishedfollowingtheproclaimation of Second Constitutionalistperiod. Eithertheambient of theperiodorpublication in singleissueandnon-use of authorandcaricaturist name enabledthesepublicationstocriticizefreely. Inthisstudy, El Üfürük, El Üfürük’eZeylen Körük, Ton Ton Risalesi, Ç?ng?rak, Mahkûm newspaperswerereviewedandintroduced; determinationsintendedfortheperiodweremadefromtheperspective of humorists. Itwaspresented in thisstudyhavingthecharacter of being a qualitativehistoricalresearchthatpoliticians of particularly Second Abdülhamit Periodwerecriticized in a stronglywordedhumor

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