CHARLES TOWNSHEND, A GENERAL WHO UNDERSTODD AND EXPLAINED THE LEGITIMACY OF TURKISH NATIONAL CASE

Abstract

Author(s): Ya?ar ZET?N, Hanifi KAYA

In the 20th Centry Britian had ?nterest ?n the Mediterranean region, especially in petrol sector. Britain pursued this ?ntererst with great concern and ignored any threat that came by with it. In early of 1915, General Townshend was tasked as head officer ?n Irak region.

With ?nstruct?ons from Halil (Kut) Pa?a; General Townshend and his men, accompanied by ?shak Bey, travelled to Bagdhad by boat in 3rd may 1916; later followed by the other Generals on 4-5th may 1916;While English soldiers and their fellow ?ndian prisoners were placed ?n defferent camps across Anadolu region. General Townshend started his Journey from ?stanbul on 12th may 1916 and reached his destination on 3rd of June 1916. During his Journey he was treated as a guest and not as a prisoner. General Townshend, while he was in capt?v?ty in a period of two and half years familiarized h?mself with the Turk?sh people and culture and got close to it;the way he was treated left him pleased and happy, and when he finally went back to Britian he was vocal about Britian diplomacy with the outside World and eventually he resigned as a General. After his retirement he became a member of parliament ?n his country and he made Turkey to be known both ?n Britian and in Europe. Later as an mp, he travelled to Turkey as a Tourist and he made ?t known how he was close to Turkish culturer ?n his v?s?t as he searched for a way to end Britian-Turkey hostility. In this work and summery; The aim is to Show and highlight; the life of a General who came as an enemy and returned as an ally and a friend to Turkey and Turk?sh people.

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