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AN EXAMPLE OF SOCIAL SOLIDARITY IN OTTOMAN EMPIRE: 1893 MALATYA EARTHQUAKE

Abstract

Author(s): Naim ÜRKMEZ

The earthquake which happened in 2nd of March, 1893 in Malatya caused to 885 people to lost their lives, almost ten thousands of small cattles and bovines were perished, thousands of houses were demolished and it also caused to let people homeless in these houses. After the earthquake, for a year, the 55 aftershocks made people scared and anxiety to whom they had survived. This earthquake was the biggest one among recorded earthquakes in Malatya. The earthquake also influenced the 120 km width, 220 km length area that included the Besni, Hisnimansur (Adiyaman), Akcadag, Kahta and Hekimhan. Besides, it was felt in the area of Sivas, Keban and Aleppo, it also caused panic. In the years of the earthquake, the Ottoman Empire didn’t have an institution about disaster management, but also it attempted to resolve urgent needs of the victims of the earthquake. The government gave importance to the assistance item to strength a sense of unity, and also it arranged this campaign to deploy in this earthquake. The campaign which was held by the government had been successful except some rumours.

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